The Penal Code Act of 1950 (Chapter 120) (as amended) provides –
Section 145. Unnatural offences.
“Any person who–
(a) has carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature;
(b) has carnal knowledge of an animal; or
(c) permits a male person to have carnal knowledge of him or her against the order of nature,
commits an offence and is liable to imprisonment for life.”
Section 146. Attempt to commit unnatural offences.
“Any person who attempts to commit any of the offences specified in section145 commits a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.”
Section 148. Indecent practices.
“Any person who, whether in public or in private, commits any act of gross indecency with another person or procures another person to commit any act of gross indecency with him or her or attempts to procure the commission of any such act by any person with himself or herself or with another person, whether in public or in private, commits an offence and is liable to imprisonment for seven years” [R1.26].
On 08 November 2014, a new draft anti-gay Bill (called the Prohibition of Promotion of Unnatural Sexual Practices Bill of 2014 dated 29 October 2014) prepared by a government committe to replace the struck down Anti-Homosexuality Act has reportedly been sent to the office of President Yoweri Museveni and newly named Prime Minister Ruhakana Rugunda. The draft includes a new Section 2 making the provision of “funding for purposes of promoting unnatural sexual practices” and in Section 4 to “make a representation … by whatever means of a person engaged in real or fictitious unnatural sexual practices” unlawful [D1.25].[R1.24].
On 28 April 2014, it was reported that a draft new anti-gay law would ban non-governmental organizations from promoting gay sex and foreign non-government organizations from helping LGBTI people [R1.23].
On 24 February 2014, President Yoweri Museveni signed the Anti-Homosexuality Bill into law [L1.22], [R1.21]. See also 2. Court & Tribunals.
On 24 February 2014, a team of Ugandan doctors and scientists who were commissioned to investigate whether homosexuality is a choice found that it was not – but reportedly Government MPs subsequently distorted their findings in their report to President Yoweri Museveni, leaked documents reveal [D1.20], [R1.19].
On 18 February 2014, President Yoweri Museveni reportedly said in a statement dated 18 February that he would not sign the anti-gay law until after hearing more advice from scientists. Other reports suggest he has already signed the Bill into law [R1.18].
On 14 February 2014, a government spokesman reported announced that President Yoweri Museveni has decided to sign the Anti-Homosexuality Bill after 14 medical experts presented a report that homosexuality is not genetic but a social behavior [D1.18], [R1.17].
On 27 January 2014, President Museveni reportedly said he would only sign the Anti-Homosexuality Bill if a team of scientists could prove people were homosexual by choice not genetics [R1.16].
On 17 January 2014, it was reported that President Museveni had blocked the anti-homosexiality bill, confronting Speaker Rebecca Kadaga in a letter dated 28 December for passing the controversial the bill without parliamentary quorum [R1.15].
On 20 December 2013, the Parliament passed the Private Members’ Anti-Homosexuality Bill 2009, prohibiting any form of sexual relations between persons of the same sex and the promotion or recognition of such sexual relations in public institutions and other places. The Bill must be signed by the President before it can become law [ R1.14].
On 28 November 2012, Kasha Jacqueline, Executive Director of Freedom and Roam Uganda (FARUG) said “The only version of the bill that is public today still includes the death penalty provision for ‘aggravated homosexuality’” [L1.3], [R1.13].
On 23 November 2012, the Anti-Homosexuality Bill reportedly would no longer include capital punishment after scrutiny by a parliamentary committee – MP Medard Segona, who is on the Legal and Parliamentary committee, told the BBC “substantial amendments” had been made to the bill but said he was not allowed to reveal further details [R1.12].
On 12 November 2012, Speaker Rebecca Kadaga said the Anti-Homosexuality Bill would become law before the end of 2012 [R1.11].
On 06 February 2012, Parliamentarian David Bahati reintroduced the Anti-Homosexuality Bill [R1.10].
On 26 October 2011, it was reported that the Parliament voted to reopen a debate on the Anti-Homosexuality Bill that seeks to outlaw homosexuality and which may be expanded to include the death penalty for gay people [R1.9].
On 06 April 2011, a petition signed by a reported two million Ugandans was presented by anti-gay activists to Speaker Edward Ssekandi of the Uganda Parliament who reportedly said, “even if the current Parliament doesn’t debate it (the Anti-Homosexuality Bill), the new Parliament will do it” [R1.8].
In April 2011, it was reported that the Anti-Homosexuality Bill had been dropped [R1.7].
On 26 January 2011, gay rights activist David Kato, who was late last year featured with other gays in a newspaper article headlined “Hang Them” [see Privacy] was beaten to death in his Kampala home [R1.6].
In December 2009, James Nsaba Buturo, the minister of ethics and integrity, reportedly said that life imprisonment and the death penalty will be dropped from a revised version of Uganda’s antigay bill [R1.5]. However, the bill’s main sponsor, David Bahati has reportedly contradicted the minister [R1.4].
On 13 October 2009, Ndorwa West MP David Bahati tabled a private member’s bill in parliament entitled the Anti-Homosexuality Bill 2009 that would, if passed, create a new crime of “aggravated homosexuality”. Under the Bill, those convicted of “aggravated homosexuality” (such as having gay sex with disabled people and those under the 18) would face the death penalty (Section 3 (2)) and those who have homosexual sex (Section 2 (2)), life imprisonment [L1.3], [R1.3].
In October 2008, it was reported that laws that would boost police investigations against gays in Uganda would be strengthened due to the government’s concern over the “mushrooming” of gays and lesbians in the country [R1.2].
In October 2003, it was reported that gays were routinely arrested on the streets of Kampala, the capital, and often beaten and tortured while in prison [R1.1].