Slovakia LGBT Laws

Age of Consent Legislation/Cases/References
1. National

In 1962, consensual sex between same-sex couples became lawful [R1.1], at fifteen (15) years [R1.2].

In 1990, the age of consent was equalised [R1.1].


Criminal Code, Section 201

§ 201 Sexual abuse

1. Any person, who has sexual intercourse with a person less than fifteen years of age or who subjects such person to other sexual abuse, shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of three to ten years [R1.2].

R1.2 Interpol: Sexual offences against children Spring 06
(Accessed 31 MAY 09)
R1.1 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia MAY 09
Assisted Reproduction Technology
Artificial Insemination, In Vitro Fertilisation, Surrogacy
Legislation/Cases/References
1. National

In November 2008, Slovakia reportedly allowed artificial insemination treatment for women in a same-sex relationship [R1.1].

R1.1 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia NOV 08
Asylum, Immigration, Refugees Legislation/Cases/References
1. National

As at December 2008, Solvakia does not give full residence and entry rights to gay and lesbian couples [R1.1].

R1.1 PinkNews.co.uk: Same-sex Couples Denied EU Right to Freedom of Movement 11 DEC 08
Civil Unions, Partners: Domestic, Registered Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [MARRIAGE]
1. National

On 06 November 2012, the Parliament rejected 94–14 (with 20 abstentions) an opposition proposal to grant same-sex relationships equivalent legal status as heterosexual marriages [R1.2].

On 14 August 2012, the opposition Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) party planned to submit to September’s parliamentary session a bill that would partially make the registered partnerships of homosexual couples equal to those of married heterosexual couples [R1.1].

R1.2 Reuters UK: Slovakia parliament rejects gay partnership law 06 NOV 12
R1.1 The Slovak Spectator: SaS to propose new legislation on same-sex registered partnerships 15 AUG 12
Discrimination Legislation/Cases/References
1. National

In 2004, discrimination in employment based on sexual orientation was made unlawful under the Anti-Discrimination Act [R1.2].

In June 2003, as part of a lengthy battle for the introduction of legislation preventing discrimination against homosexuals and other minority groups, parliament approved a clause in the amended labour code forbidding employers from enquiring about their employees’ sexual orientation [R1.1].

The labour code explicitly forbids discrimination on the grounds of gender, race, and physical ability, but did not mention sexual orientation.

The homosexual community says that the new provision is no guarantee of non-discrimination in the workplace.

R1.2 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia MAY 09
R1.1 Slovak Spectator: MPs Fudge Gay Issue 02 JUN 03
Homosexuality, Sodomy Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [AGE OF CONSENT]
1. National

In 1962, consensual sex between same-sex couples became lawful [R1.1].

R1.1 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia MAY 09
Marriage Legislation/Cases/References
1. National

On 08 February 2015, Slovak conservatives did not turn out anywhere near the 50 percent of voters needed on Saturday to approve a referendum that would have strengthened the country’s ban on marriages and child adoptions by same-sex couple. The Statistics Office said that votes counted from 99.9 percent of the central European country’s voting districts showed a turnout of just 21.4 percent [R1.4].

On 27 November 2014, President Andrej Kiska announced that the country will hold a referendum on same-sex marriage and adoption on 07 February 2015 [R1.3].

On 04 June 2014, parliament voted 102-18 to amend the constitution to define marriage as a union between man and woman, effectively closing the door to same-sex marriage and stirring protest among rights groups. The amendment required a two-thirds majority in the 150-member parliament [R1.2].

In November 2004, the government of Slovakia said it would not recognise same-sex marriage or civil unions conducted in other European countries. Slovakia’s conservative Interior and Justice Ministers being the force behind the move [R1.1].

R1.4 ReutersUK: Slovak turnout too slim to strengthen ban on gay marriage 08 FEB 15
R1.3 LGBTQnation: Slovakia president announces referendum on same-sex marriage 27 NOV 14
R1.2 BankokPost: Slovakia slaps constitutional ban on same-sex marriage 05 JUN 14
R1.1 MCV: No Acceptance of Gay Marriage 12 NOV 04
Parenting, Adoption, Fostering Legislation/Cases/References
1. National

On 03 September 2014, President Andrej Kiska announced he would not yet call the controversial referendum on the protection of the traditional family and a ban on the adoption of children by same-sex couples, as he will first ask the Constitutional Court to examine the proposed questions:

  1. whether there should be a ban on the adoption of children by same-sex persons;
  2. whether only a union of man and woman can be called marriage;
  3. whether marriage will be given special protection unlike other forms of cohabitation of two persons; and
  4. whether schools should be forbidden from demanding pupils’ compulsory attendance of instruction on sexual education and euthanasia [R1.1]
R1.1 PraguePost: Slovak president postpones referendum on adoption by same-sex couples 03 SEP 14