Newfoundland Labrador LGBT Laws

Age of Consent Legislation/Cases/References
1. Province

See: FEDERAL: AGE OF CONSENT

Civil Unions, Partners: Domestic, Registered Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [MARRIAGE]
1. Province

In February 2000, attorneys-general from Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Nunavut confirmed they were still reviewing their legislation with an eye to making changes giving gay pairs the same benefits as heterosexual couples [R1.1].

R1.1 Canadian Press: “Bill Won’t Alter Definition of “Spouse”” 11 FEB 00
Discrimination Legislation/Cases/References
1. Province

On 24 June 2010, the Human Rights Act 2010 [Chapter H-13.1] was assented to and the Human Rights Code was repealed [L1.3].

The Human Rights Act 2010, Section 9 (1) provides-

For the purpose of this Act, the prohibited grounds of discrimination are race, colour, nationality, ethnic origin, social origin, religious creed, religion, age, disability, disfigurement, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, family status, source of income and political opinion [L1.3].

Previously:

In December 1997, the provincial House of Assembly amended the Human Rights Code to ban discrimination based on sexual orientation in employment, housing, literature, and access to establishments and services [L1.3], [R1.2].

Newfoundland was one of four provinces or territories that did not ban discrimination based on sexual orientation, along with Alberta, Prince Edward Island and the Northwest Territories [R1.1].

L1.3 Newfoundland Assembly: Human Rghts Act 2010
R1.2 Melbourne Star Observer: “Newfoundland Bans Gay Discrimination” 19 DEC 97
R1.1 Capital Q: “Gay Benefits Out” 05 NOV 97
Marriage Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [CIVIL UNIONS]
1. Federal

See Federal – Marriage

2. Courts & Tribunals

In December 2004, the Newfoundland Supreme Court cleared the way for two lesbian couples to marry legally, making Newfoundland and Labrador the seventh province to sanction same-sex marriage [R2.1].

R2.1 CBCnews.ca: “Newfoundland Legalizes Same-sex Marriage” 21 DEC 04
Parenting, Adoption, Fostering Legislation/Cases/References
1. Province

The Adoption Act Section 20 provides [L1.3.] –

(1) One adult alone or 2 adults jointly may apply to a court to adopt a child under this Act.

(2) One adult may apply to a court to jointly become a parent of a child with a parent of that child.


On 19 December 2002, the Newfoundland and Labrador’s Adoption Act revised adoption laws laws replacing a 50-year-old statute, and let single parents and same sex couples adopt [R1.2].

The law came into effect in 2003 [R1.1].

L1.3 Newfoundland Assembly: Adoption Act (Accessed 22 JUL 12)
R1.2 CBC News (Canada): “New Rights for Singles, Same-sex Couples in Newfoundland Adoption Laws” 11 APR 02
R1.1 ILGA: “State-Sponsored Homophobia” MAY 08